ACEH, INDONESIA

SCRAPS OF HOPE IS A STUDY OF COMPLEXITIES OF REBUILDING
A CITY OF BANDA ACEH IN INDONESIA
IN THE AFTERMATH OF INDIAN OCEAN EARTHQUAKES AND THE TSUNAMI
AND THIRTY YEARS OF ARMED CONFLICT.
FOLLOWING EVERYDAY LIVES OF PEOPLE,
IT OFFERS INSIGHTS INTO GENDERED RELATIONS OF POWER AND RESISTANCE.

READ A LONGER INTRODUCTION AND
BACKGROUND OF ACEH PEACE PROCESS

DOWNLOAD POSTER

ENGLISH

FINNISH

INDONESIA

PEACE PROCESS

REFLECTION ON THE CONSEQUENCES OF THE
PEACE ON NON-DISCRIMINATION AND EQUALITY

Education offered in Banda Aceh

Fishermen in Banda Aceh

Year 2015 marked the tenth anniversary of the peace process signed between the Government of Indonesia and Aceh Independence Movement, facilitated by the former president of Finland, Martti Ahtisaari. Evaluated against several indicators, Aceh peace process appears to be successful: the Indonesian army has withdrawn its troops in accordance with the treaty, combatants were disarmed, demobilised and many have successfully turned into politics and business. The province has successfully held three elections (2006, 2009, 2014).

Yet, when the perspective is turned away from state security and absence of violence towards human security: experienced security, non-discrimination, equality and wellbeing, the story becomes more complex and worrying. This street ethnographic research in Banda Aceh draws attention to the silenced experiences of the peace process, personal narratives that contest the concept of an Aceh that ‘is built back better’. It offers insights into the relations of power and the potential structures of violence that are embedded in the aftermath: layered exiles and displacement; hidden narratives of violence and grief; struggles over gendered expectations of being a good and respectable woman and man; the hierarchical political economy of post-conflict and tsunami reconstruction; and multiple ways of arranging lives and remembrance, cherishing loved ones and forming caring and loving relationships outside the normative notions of nuclear family and home.

The year 2015 also marked the 15th anniversary of the UN Security Council Resolution 1325 ‘Women, Peace and Security’. This year the UN will evaluate at the global level how well the UN member states have implemented the core values of the resolution: inclusion of women into peacebuilding and analysing the gendered impacts of armed conflicts in the post-conflict reconstruction. With the focus on untold stories of the peace, we hope to contribute to the critical rethinking of the ways of making peace.

RESEARCHER: MARJAANA JAUHOLA / marjaana.jauhola(at)helsinki.fi / TWITTER: @mjauhola / marjaanajauhola.wordpress.com

HAVING A VISION: ARTIST MAHDI ABDULLAH

His artwork manifests the narrative realities of humans and
their environment. As an artist he has earned recognition
for framing the journey of Aceh in large, iconic, captivating pictures.
His works are well-known in Indonesia, but also internationally.

Mahdi-Abdullah artist Indonesia

SHOUTING OUT LOUD: POET ZUBAIDAH DJOHAR

As a researcher, humanitarian activist and a poet she unpacks
the impacts of conflict and the peace process in Aceh on women.

WHAT ARE THEY SHOUTING ABOUT?

May I ask
what they are shouting about?
They are frothing at the mouth,
Spit foams on their lips,
Their voices shriek the news
in the city centre.
Our land is free, they say,
we have been promised love with peace..
Let the party begin!
I keep to myself here
while counting
numbers on earth walls.
Five years have gone by
the wound is still fresh
in my womb
My child is resigned to
no milk and no schooling,
the home and hearth I long for
is more and more silent.

Bireuen, 2009
Translated into English by Heather Curnow

MERAKA SEDANG MENERIAKKAN APA?

Bolehku tahu
mereka sedang meneriakkan apa?
berbuih-buih gelembung
menyudut di bibir
berpita-pita suara
melengking di pusat kota

Nanggroe sudah merdeka, kata mereka
sudah berikrar cinta dengan damai
mari kita lanjutkan pesta!
Aku makin menepi di sini
sambil menghitung
angka di dinding bumi

Lima tahun sudah
luka masih basah
di rahimku
anak masih pasrah
tanpa susu, tanpa ilmu
tungku yang dirindu
kian membisu

LEARN MORE ABOUT THE RESEARCH
& SHORT DOCUMENTARIES

This production draws from the ethnographic research conducted between 2012-2016 and is a continuation for ethnography of post-tsunami gender aid in Aceh. The research focuses on the analysis of social and gendered impacts of the Aceh peace process and the everyday lives in Banda Aceh, the capital of the province of Aceh in Indonesia using life history and visual narrative research methods. With the support of Finnish Cultural Foundation, I returned to Banda Aceh in 2015 with digital designer Seija Hirstiö to make short documentaries based on selected life stories.
Whereas the mainstream theories of security, conflicts and international relations focus on the stability and security of the states, feminist analysis of conflict and post-conflict contexts draws attention to longer-term, and micro-level dynamics, events and experiences in the everyday. It means tackling root causes of the conflicts that often relate to global political economy, persisting inequalities and oppressive systems, domestically and internationally.
Ethnography turned to mini documentaries focuses on non-elites who are less heard in the peace process. The ethnographic encounters are seen as an active dialogue on the ‘bottle necks’ of the peace process, breaking the boundaries between research, documentarism and activism in order to raise awareness of contemporary and complex issues, such as sustaining peace.
December 2015: shootings in Indonesia
2016-17: Post-production of 10 mini documentaries and drafting book chapters
August 2016: Launch of first four videos
Spring 2017: Screening of documentaries at conferences and events
Continue to Marjaana Jauhola´s homepage and find links to all of her publications: marjaanajauhola.wordpress.com/publications/
With the support of Finnish Cultural Foundation, Marjaana was joined by coder Jukka Turunen, digital designer Seija Hirstiö, editor Riitta Koikkalainen and journalist Päivi Nikkilä to develop new media enriched responsive e-publishing format.
Visit the research article demo: http://scrapsofhope.fi/scrapsofhome/